THERMOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF FUNCTIONAL COLD TEST IN SCHOOLCHILDREN WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION

Keywords: schoolchildren, thermography, arterial hypertension

Abstract

Introduction. Hypertension is in the focus of pediatricians worldwide, as it is one of the most common diseases in modern pediatric cardiology.

Methods. 61 school-age children were examined. They were divided into three groups: the 1st group included children with hypertension, the 2nd group – children with prehypertension, and the control group consisted of children with normal blood pressure.

Infrared thermography in children was performed on the back surface of the hands, remotely, using a certified thermal imager with professional software. Thermographic evaluation of the hands after the cold test was performed immediately after the end of the test, after 1 and 2 minutes, and the final degree of recovery of heat radiation was determined after 15 minutes.

The study found that in children with hypertension, the decrease in temperature after a cold test was probably higher than in children from the control group. Children with prehypertension also had a slightly greater decrease in temperature compared with children in the control group.

The obtained significant difference between the indicators of children with hypertension and children from the control group may be due to worse compensatory mechanisms of the microcirculatory tract, lower capillary density, the presence of local spasm of venules and arterioles in them. In addition, children with hypertension have increased vascular resistance, which also affects the level of fall and recovery of local temperature, because thermal emission is a direct reflection of microcirculation in the fingers of the child.

Conclusion. Children with hypertension are likely to have a greater decrease in the maximum temperature of thermal emission on the fingers and a slower recovery of heat radiation after a cold test, in contrast to children in the control group, due to microcirculation disorders.

Author Biographies

Dmytro Yu. Nechytailo , Department of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics, Bukovinian State Medical University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Д.мед.н., професор кафедри педіатрії та медичної генетики Буковинського державного медичного університету, м. Чернівці, Україна

Ел.адреса: dnechit@gmail.com

Yuriy M. Nechytailo , Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Perinatal Medicine, Bukovinian State Medical University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Д.мед.н., професор, завідувач кафедри педіатрії, неонатології та перинатальної медицини Буковинського державного медичного університету, м. Чернівці, Україна

Ел.адреса: yunech03@yandex.ua

Tetiana M. Miheeva , Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Perinatal Medicine, Bukovinian State Medical University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

K.мед.н., асистент кафедри педіатрії, неонатології та перинатальної медицини Буковинського державного медичного університету, м. Чернівці, Україна

Ел.адреса: tmikhieieva@gmail.com

References

1. Hyshchak TV, Marushko YuV. [Adaptation phases in children with primary hypertension]. Modern pediatrics. 2016;7(79):88-93.
2. Marushko YuV, Hyshchak TV. [Analysis and prospects of clinical recommendations AAR (2017) for screening and control of high arterial vise in children and children]. Modern pediatrics. 2018:4(92):27-39.
3. Ostafijchuk DI, Shajko-Shajkovskyj OG, Rozhnov OO. [et al.]. [Thermography in medicine - general principles]. Problems of continuing medical education and science. 2019;1(33):68-74.
4. Mie Jin Lim, Seong Reul Kwon, Kyong-Yee Jung [et al.] Digital thermography of the fingers and toes in raynaun’s phenomenon. Journal of Korean Medical Science. 2014;29(4):502-506.
5. Leijon-Sundqvist K, Lehto N, Juntti U, Karp K, Anderson S, Tegner Y. Thermal response after cold-water provocation of hands in healthy young men. Thermology International. 2015;25(2):48-52.
6. Leijon-Sundqvist K, Tegner Y, Olsson F, Karp K, Lehto N. Relation between dorsal and palmar hand skin temperatures during a cold stress test. J Therm Biol. 2017;66:87-92.
7. Zhuravlev AS, Shustakova GV, Karchinskyy AA. The possibilities of using remote infrared thermography to diagnose and determine the effectiveness of the treatment of certain ent organs diseases. Folia Otorhinolaryngol. Pathol. Respirator. 2015;1:24–26.
Published
2022-03-29
How to Cite
Dmytro Yu. Nechytailo, Yuriy M. Nechytailo, & Tetiana M. Miheeva. (2022). THERMOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF FUNCTIONAL COLD TEST IN SCHOOLCHILDREN WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION. Eastern Ukrainian Medical Journal, 10(1), 42-49. https://doi.org/10.21272/eumj.2022;10(1):42-49

Most read articles by the same author(s)