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Author Guidelines

The information is based upon the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals”. The editorial board considers manuscripts that comply with authors' rights and ethical norms of scientific publication.

View the Ethical Principles.

To be published applicants submit:

  1. Manuscript in Ukrainian or English;
  2. Abstracts in Ukrainian and English;
  3.  Іnformation about the authors;
  4. Copyright agreement (printed copy or photocopy of the Copyright agreement signed by the authors).

General Rules for Writing.  The manuscript has to demonstrate its novelty, relevance and reveal issues of a particular field of either clinical or experimental medicine. Use simple and declarative sentences and commonly accepted terms; avoid long sentences and idle words. We recommend that for clarity you use the past tense to narrate particular events in the past, including the procedures, observations and data of the study that you are reporting. Use the present tense for your own general conclusions, the conclusions of the previous researchers and generally accepted facts. Thus, narration in "Abstract" and "Materials and Methods" should be in the past tense, while "Introduction", "Results", "Discussion" and "Conclusions" should be in the present tense. The terms should be given according to the anatomical and histological nomenclatures; diseases – according to the current International Classification of Diseases; drugs – according to the International Nonproprietary Names (INN).

Technical Specifications.  The manuscript should be typed in MS WORD using А4. Use Times New Roman typeface in 12 pts front size, 1.5 spaced with the margins: top, bottom and left – 1.5; right – 2.0. The length of original articles (apart from the title page, tables, figures and references) should not exceed – 12 printed pages, review of literature – 15–20 printed pages, clinical cases and correspondence – 7 printed pages. The list of references for original articles and the review of literature is unlimited, and for the clinical case as well as correspondence – 10 references.

Abbreviations.  Abbreviations should be defined on their first citation in the text, except for the units of measurement. Avoid generally unacceptable abbreviations. Do not use abbreviations in the title and abstract.

Units of measurement.  We strongly recommend using correct and established nomenclature wherever possible. Measurements of length, height, weight and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram or liter) or their decimal multiples. Hematologic and clinical-biochemical units should be reported in the metric system in terms of the International System of Units (SI).

Organization of the manuscript

The manuscript should be organized into the following sections:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract in English, keywords
  3. Abstract in Ukrainian, keywords
  4. Introduction
  5. Materials and Methods
  6. Results
  7. Discussion
  8. Conclusions
  9. Perspectives for Future Research
  10. Acknowledgments
  11. Conflict of Interest
  12. References
  13. Tables
  14. Figures
  15. Іnformation About the Authors

We draw particular attention of authors to the importance of carefully preparing title, keywords and abstract, as these elements are indicators of the manuscript content in the bibliographic database and search engines. Besides, authors should carefully prepare their affiliations and personal information as it affects further indexing.  

Title Page.  The Title Page should contain the title of the paper, full names of authors, affiliations, and contact details of the author responsible for correspondence.

We strongly recommend the title should be informative, specific to the paper, yet concise (75 characters or less). Avoid specialist abbreviations and non-standard acronyms. Words should not be capitalized.

NB! According to the order of the formation of the List of scientific publications of Ukraine, all specified information must be provided fully and reliably!

AbstractUkrainian and English abstracts should be no less than 1.800 characters (250 words), including keywords. Each abstract should be preceded by the title of the manuscript, full names of authors and affiliations, as well as ORCID identifiers, all being indicated in the corresponding language.

The abstract should contain three paragraphs. The abstract should give the idea of the basic content of the paper and stay the Objective(s) of the study, basic methods (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals; observation and analytical methods), main results (giving specific data and their statistical significance, if possible) and the principal conclusion. Novelty and relevance of the study should be indicated.

Download a sample of abstract.

Key Words.  The list of Key Words should be of 5–10 words maximum, separated by commas. We suggest that key words differ from those used in the title.

Introduction.  This section should supply sufficient information concerning the current state of the discussed issues. It should provide full information about the raised question and possible solutions. As you compose the introduction, think of the readers who are not experts in this field. Also, the introduction should conclude the statement of the rationale for the study, the overall purpose of the paper and hypothesis taken as a basis.

Materials and Methods.  This section should include sufficient technical information to enable the experiments or clinical research to be reproduced by other scientists. Manuscripts describing experiments involving human beings and animals should clearly state that the research complied with all relevant Ukrainian (national) and international regulations. Clinical studies involving animals must be conducted according to Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research (Kyiv, 2001), the requirements of the European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental and Other Scientific Purposes ( Strasbourg, 1986) and the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. Protocols for new methods or significant modifications to existing methods should be also included, while well-established protocols should only be referenced. Here, authors have to provide information about the computational analyses and software technical details (if any).

Results.  This section should provide details to all of the obtained results of the experiments. Remember that large datasets might be more concisely presented in the tables. Avoid repetitions in the Results, if this information has been already presented in tables or figures. Limit illustrations to those that are absolutely necessary to show the experimental findings.

The section may be divided into subsections.

Discussion.  The Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published and modern works. Is should not contain extensive repetition of the Results or reiteration of the Introduction.

The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section.

Conclusion.  The Conclusion should provide answers and possible solutions for the questions and issues raised in the article. This section could also give perspectives for further research.

Acknowledgments.  This section should describe sources of funding (either an institution or individual person) that have supported the work. If you mention a grant, please indicate the fund, grant name and/or grant number. Recognition of personal assistance may be also given here (for example, people who contributed to the work, but do not fit the criteria of being an author). 

Conflict of interest information has to be stated.

References. To increase the number of citations no less than 50% of references should be provided as DOI. The author is responsible for the accuracy of the data provided in the bibliography. References to unpublished work or materials as a manuscript (dissertations, reports) are not allowed. The list of references should include only those publications that are cited in the text. References should be arranged and numbered consecutively in the order that they first appear in the text. Thus, they should be assigned Arabic numeral and given in brackets, e.g. [18]. Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by a comma. The authors should provide abbreviations of journal titles according to the standards of Index Medicus. References in figures and tables should be listed as last.

Download the sample of references.

Tables.  Please provide each table on a separate page of the manuscript after the references. Do not use any colors or other style formatting on tables. Use only simple borders. Tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and referred to in the text by number, e.g. (Table 3). Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible. Write explanations essential to the understanding of the table at the bottom of the table. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean where appropriate. Table heading has to be centered and typed in Times New Roman typeface in 12pts font size. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations but should not include detailed descriptions of the experiment.

Figures.  Please provide each figure on a separate page of the manuscript after the references and tables. Number the figures according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures. Graphs and figures should be in black/white or colored. Each figure should have a concise title, which is placed under the figure and centered. Each figure legend should provide enough information so that the figure is understandable without frequent reference to the text. The legend should be succinct while still explaining all symbols and abbreviations.

All graphics and formulas must be set up in MS OFFICE applications.

Information about the authors. Please indicate full names of the authors, their academic degree, affiliations and positions, contact details, including e-mail, work phone, as well as ORCID identifiers.


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