Introduction. Arterial hypertension is one of the most common causes of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which is still the reason of mortality for a lot of persons. Assessment of 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in hypertensive patients is very important for further treatment improvement.
The aim is the absolute 10-year risk assessment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in hypertensive patients for further correction of treatment.
Materials and Methods. We included 61 patients with stage 1 to 2 arterial hypertension into our study. Most of them are women (70%). The patients were (56.84 ± 8.1) years old. The total cholesterol was (4.32 ± 1.0) mmol/l, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol – (1.35 ± 0.2) mmol/l and (2.44 ± 0.7) mmol/l, respectively.
Online calculator «ASCVD Risk Estimator Plus» was used. It included the assessment of age, sex, race, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, presence of diabetes, smoking status, hypertension treatment, consumption of statins or aspirin. The risk was classified as low (< 5%), borderline (5% to < 7.5%), intermediate (≥ 7.5% to < 20%), or high (≥ 20%). The results were analyzed statistically using Microsoft Excel.
Results. For five persons it was not possible to calculate this risk using the online calculator because of too low values of total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Low 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease was confirmed in 30 (53.6%) people, borderline – in 2 (3.6 %), intermediate – in 11 (19.6%), high – in 13 (23.2%).
Conclusions. Low absolute 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease was determined in more than half (53.6%) of patients, high – in about quarter (23.2%), intermediate – in the fifth part (19.6%) of patients with arterial hypertension. For patients with borderline and intermediate risks, it is reasonable to continue therapy with moderate-intensity statins. For hypertensive patients with high risk, high-intensity statin therapy can be recommended and low-dose aspirin might be considered if bleeding risk is not increased. If the absolute 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is low, it is reasonable to assess additionally total cardiovascular risk categories and continue moderate-intensity statin therapy in the case of absence of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal levels with the next lipid profile assessment in 8 (± 4) weeks.
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