MODERN FEATURES OF THE EPIDEMIC PROCESS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS WITH AEROSOL TRANSMISSION IN SUMY OBLAST
Article PDF (Українська)

Keywords

Epidemic situation, influenza, coronavirus infection, measles, vaccination

How to Cite

N. G. Malysh, M. V. Matsyuk, & A. V. Senchenko. (2021). MODERN FEATURES OF THE EPIDEMIC PROCESS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS WITH AEROSOL TRANSMISSION IN SUMY OBLAST. Eastern Ukrainian Medical Journal, 9(1), 115-123. https://doi.org/10.21272/eumj.2021;9(1):115-123

Abstract

Relevance. Viral infections with aerosol transmission are one of the most common infectious diseases in the world. Their relevance is due to the wide distribution and socio-medical consequences.

Objective. To study the dynamics of the incidence of viral infections with aerosol transmission in Sumy Oblast, to determine the level of influence of social and natural factors on the intensity of the epidemic process.

Materials and methods. Data from the sectoral statistical reporting of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Sumy Regional Laboratory Center, the Main Department of Statistics in Sumy Oblast, Sumy Regional Center of Hydrometeorology were used. Epidemiological and statistical research methods were used.

Conclusions. It was established that in Sumy Oblast the epidemic process of aerosol viral infections was characterized by a pronounced tendency to reduced incidence of influenza (Rinc.aver.= -6.2 %) and rubella (Rinc.aver.= -22.7 %), moderate reduction tendency ‒ to mumps (Rinc.aver = -2.4 %); high intensity with no reduction in incidence ‒ for other acute respiratory diseases (Rinc.aver = 0.2 %); a sharp increase in the incidence of measles (Rinc.aver.= 23.1 %). Coronavirus infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 was found in 3% of the population. The average long-term rates of measles, rubella, and mumps vaccinations with MPR-1 and MPR-2 vaccines were 70.9 % and 61.2 %, respectively. An inverse correlation was established between air humidity, population, coefficients of natural and migratory movement and measles incidence (p<0.05). The system of epidemiological surveillance of infections of viral etiology with aerosol transmission requires new approaches to the development of preventive measures.

https://doi.org/10.21272/eumj.2021;9(1):115-123
Article PDF (Українська)

References

1. Grinevich OY, Markovich IG. Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic: A Review of Events 2009‒2010 Preliminary forecast for the epidemic season 2010-2011. Simeina medytsyna. 2010;4:3‒6.
2. Mamedaliev NA, Maiden VP. The results of a questionnaire survey of the population of the city of Odessa on the incidence of ARVI. Visnyk sotsialnoi hihiieny ta orhanizatsii okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy. 2017; 3(73): 80‒82. doi: 10.11603/1681-2786.2017.3.8271
3. Rabaan AA, Al-Ahmed SH, Haque S. et al. SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, and MERS-COV: A comparative overview. Infez. Med. 2020; 1;28(2):174‒184.
4. Elrashdy F, Redwan EM, Uversky VN. Why COVID-19 transmission is more efficient and aggressive than viral transmission in previous coronavirus epidemics? Biomolecules. 2020;10(9):1312. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10091312
5. WHO, Measles. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles. Accessed: December 5, 2019.
6. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Measles outbreaks still ongoing in 2018 and fatalities reported from four countries. Available from: https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/news-events/measles-outbreaks-still-ongoing-2018-and-fatalities-reported-four-countries. Accessed: March 9, 2018.
7. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, July 2018. Available from: https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/monthly-measles-and-rubella-monitoring-report-july-2018. Accessed: July 13, 2018.
8. WHO, Rubella. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-23 sheets/detail/rubella. Accessed: October 4, 2019.
9. CDC. Rubella. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases 2020.13(20):325–338. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/rubell.html
10. Beleni AI, Borgmann S. Mumps in the Vaccination Age: Global Epidemiology and the Situation in Germany. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(8):1618. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15081618
11. Kolesnikov IP, Mokhort GA, Kolesnikov MM et. al. General assessment of the incidence of vaccine-controlled infections in Ukraine (1944‒2014), according to the main epidemiological criteria. Medychna nauka Ukrainy. 2016;12(1-2):64‒71.
12. Dibrova SP. A retrospective assessment of the influenza A (H1N1) epidemic in Ukraine in terms of pathology. Lik. sprava. 2015;(1-2):55‒58.
13. Krammer F, Smith GJD, Fouchier RAM. et al. Influenza. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2018 Jun 28;4(1):3. doi: 10.1038/s41572-018-0002-y.
14. Roth DE, Gaffey MF, Smith-Romero E et al. Acute respiratory infection case definitions for young children: a systematic review of community-based epidemiologic studies in South Asia. Trop Med Int Health. 2015;20(12):1607‒1620. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12592.
15. Aleshkin VA, Tikhonova NT, Gerasimova AG. and others. Problems on the way to achieving measles elimination in the Russian Federation. Journal. Zhurn mikrobiol. 2016;(5):29‒34. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.36233/0372-9311-2016-5-29-34
16. Volyanskaya LA, Burbela EI, Romanyuk LB. Uncontrollable measles in the era of vaccine-preventable diseases. Zdorove rebenka. 2019;14(4):242‒250. doi:10.22141/2222-0551. 14.4.2019.174038
17. Daragan GM, Krushinskaya TY, Stepansky DO et. al. Current issues of vaccination and epidemiological surveillance of measles and rubella in Ukraine. Klinichna medytsyna. 2018; V.XXIII;1:38‒44. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2018.I(part).127206
18. Artyushchenko KA, Sokolova AA. Measles incidence in Ukraine for the period 2012-2017 Medicine of the third millennium: Zbirnyk tez mizhvuzivskoi konferentsii molodykh vchenykh ta studentiv (Kharkiv – January 29-31, 2019). Kharkiv, 2019:15‒16.
19. Lambert N, Strebel P, Orenstein W. et al. Rubella. Lancet. 2015 Jun 6;385(9984):2297‒2307. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60539-0
20. White SJ, Boldt KL, Holditch SJ. et al. Measles, mumps, and rubella. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2012; 55(2):550‒559. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31824df256
21. Park SH. Resurgence of mumps in Korea. Infect Chemother. 2015;47(1):1‒1. doi:10.3947/ic.2015.47.1.1
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.