INNOVATIVE PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TEACHING OF THERAPEUTIC DENTISTRY
Changes in the tasks of modern medical education, which currently consists not only in the preparation of a theoretically knowledgeable specialist in the specialty but also in ensuring the versatile development of the future doctor, his creative abilities, the formation of self-realization skills and competitiveness, also require changes in the teaching of most educational disciplines.
This problem is especially inherent in dentistry because this field of medicine is developing rapidly and requires the training of highly qualified specialists capable of professional growth, mobility, a creative approach to the profession, and the formation of an individual style in work. At the same time, the modernization of medical education and stomatology, in particular, requires the solution of several problems of an organizational and technological nature.
For the most part, using innovative technologies and introducing problem-oriented interactive learning, a modern didactic system that can combine various educational principles in the form of a clinical problem, helps to overcome most of the shortcomings of teaching in a modern medical school. The methods built on this principle aim to improve the quality of educational results due to joint, integrated, independent, and comprehensive training.
The most relevant in teaching therapeutic dentistry are innovative technologies aimed at expanding the possibility of choosing various aspects of education and professional activity, forming an individual style and ensuring the possibility of a search, a creative approach not only in mastering knowledge, but also in professional activity. These include solving situational problems, working in mini-groups, using the сase-method or simulation methods, etc. These methods allow students to distance themselves from the nosological principle of education, when the basis of teaching the material is the name of nosology, an already known diagnosis.
The principles mentioned above of teaching dental disciplines contribute to the formation of the future doctor’s skills of continuous education and professional development, which should ensure not only the improvement of the quality of dental services, but also the optimal use of the resources of the medical system in this field.
The purpose of the research was to conduct a theoretical analysis of scientific psychological-pedagogical, methodical, and medical publications regarding the use of innovative pedagogical technologies in teaching therapeutic dentistry.
Materials and Methods. We performed analysis of psychological-pedagogical and methodical literature, materials from educational-methodical conferences, and professional articles on the issues mentioned above to clarify the essence and features of modern innovative technologies in therapeutic dentistry teaching. To achieve the goal, theoretical methods (analysis, synthesis, generalization, comparison, and systematization) were used.
Results. The reformation of modern medicine leads to a change in the requirements for medical school graduates. Therefore, a rapid transition from simple accumulation of knowledge to the ability to use it effectively in practical activities is noticeable. The interaction between the teacher and the student gradually moves to a personal-oriented level, which should increase interest in the learning process and improve the relationship between the teacher and the student.
The use of innovative pedagogical technologies, in particular interactive methods, in the process of professional training of dentists allows expanding the opportunity for students to choose various aspects of professional activity, contributes to the formation of their style, and provides search opportunities.
In further research, it is advisable to consider the effectiveness of each teaching method separately and in combination with others to analyze the effectiveness of their varieties.
Further implementation of innovative technologies should ensure high professional achievements of future doctors and their high competitiveness.
Yermolenko TI, Ruda NH. [The role of interactive learning methods in the successful assimilation of knowledge by students]. XVI Vseukr nauk-prakt konf z mizhnar uchastiu “Innovatsii u vyshchii medychnii ta farmatsevtychnii osviti Ukrainy (z dystantsiinym I-66 pidiednanniam VM(F)NZ Ukrainy za dopomohoiu videokonferents-zviazku)” [XVI Global Ukrainian scientific and practical conference with international participation “Innovations in higher medicine and pharmaceutical education of Ukraine (with remote I-66 connection of VM(F)NZ of Ukraine via video conference)”]. Ternopil: TNMU, 2019, pp. 184–186. (In Ukrainian).
Savchenko HA, Myronchuk NM. [Implementation of personally oriented technology in the process of training medical workers]. Vseukrainska naukovo-praktychna internet-konferentsiia “Pedahohichni innovatsii” [Global Ukrainian scientific and practical internet-conference “Pedagogical innovations”]. Mykolaiv: MNAU, 2021, pp. 13–14. (In Ukrainian).
Silkova OV, Makarenko VI, Makarenko OV. [Modern methods of teaching and learning in medical education]. Vsekrainska nauk-prakt konf z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu “Suchasni trendy rozvytku medychnoi osvity: perspektyvy i zdobutky” [Global Ukrainian scientific and practical conference with international participation “Modern trends in the development of medical education: prospects and achievements”]. Poltava: PSMU, 2022, pp. 268–270. (In Ukrainian).
Povsheniuk AV, Shinkaruk-Dykovytska MM, Tepla TO, Kasianenko DM, Komnatskyi BI. [Using interactive forms of education while studying the discipline “Therapeutic Dentistry” in the conditions of the credit module system]. Svit medytsyny ta biolohii. 2018;1(63):210–213. (In Ukrainian).
Bublii TD, Petrushanko TA, Dubova LI. [Implementation of innovative educational technologies of teaching and learning at the department of therapeutic stomatology of the UMSA]. Vsekrainska nauk-prakt konf z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu “Aktualni problemy suchasnoi medytsyny” [Global Ukrainian scientific and practical conference with international participation “Actual problems of modern medicine”]. Poltava, Visnyk Ukrainskoi medychnoi stomatolohichnoi akademii, 2019, pp. 110–113. (In Ukrainian).
Lin GSS, Tan W-W, Tan H-J, Khoo C-W, Afrashtehfar KI. Innovative Pedagogical Strategies in Health Professions Education: Active Learning in Dental Materials Science. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023;20(3):2041. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032041.
Kovalov YV, Marchenko II, Liashenko LI, Lobach LM, Brailko NM. [Innovative methods of teaching propaedeutics of therapeutic dentistry to English-speaking students]. Svit medytsyny ta biolohii. 2013;2:90–93. (In Ukrainian).
Antonenko MI, Znachkova OF. [Modern technologies of higher education. Case method in professional training of intern dentists]. Sovremennaia stomatolohyia. 2015;2:128–131. (In Ukrainian).
Levkiv MO. [Using the case method in the professional training of foreign students at the Department of Therapeutic Stomatology of the Ternopil State Medical University]. Medychna osvita. 2016;3:71–74. (In Ukrainian).
Avramenko MO, Furyk OO, Pavlenko AS. [The experience of implementing problem-oriented training using virtual patients as part of the implementation of the TAME project “Learning from medical errors”]. Vseukrainska naukovo-metodychna videokonferentsiia z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu “Aktualni pytannia dystantsiinoi osvity ta telemedytsyny 2018” [Global Ukrainian scientific and methodical video conference with international participation “Actual issues of distance education and telemedicine 2018”]. Zaporizhzhia: Ukrainian Zaporizhzhia, 2018, pp. 82–83. (In Ukrainian).
Lin GSS, Tan W-W, Tan H-J, Khoo C-W, Afrashtehfar KI. Innovative Pedagogical Strategies in Health Professions Education: Active Learning in Dental Materials Science. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023; 20(3):2041. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032041.
Boichuk TM, Herush IV, Khodorovskyi VM, Koloskova OK, Marusyk UI. [Effectiveness of simulation scenarios in optimizing the practical training of students in the institution of higher medical education of Ukraine]. XV Vseukrainska naukovo-praktychna konferentsiia z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu “Aktualni pytannia vyshchoi medychnoi osvity v Ukraini” [XV Global Ukrainian scientific and practical conference with international participation “Current issues of higher medical education in Ukraine”]. Chernivtsi: Medychna osvita, 2018, pp. 50–54. (In Ukrainian).
Artomenko VV, Semchenko SS, Yehorenko OS, Novikov DA, Karakonstantyn DF, Berlinska LI. [Simulation training in medicine: international and domestic experience]. Odeskyi medychnyi zhurnal. 2015;6(152):67–74. (In Ukrainian).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.