THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL SPECIAL COMPETENCIES OF GENERAL PRACTICE DOCTORS-FAMILY PHYSICIANS IN PROVIDING MEDICAL ASSISTANCE FOR DISEASES OF THE EAR, THROAT, AND NOSE
Introduction. Currently, the health care system of Ukraine needs to be restored and optimized due to the situation caused by the military aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and its consequences. At the same time, the availability of medical care is provided by primary medical care on the basis of general medical practice - family medicine. To provide the population with ear, throat, and nose diseases with quality medical care, family doctors must have special theoretical and practical competencies. This determined the relevance of the study.
The objective of the study: to determine special theoretical and practical competencies for general practitioners-family doctors in providing medical care for diseases of the ENT organs and the optimal ways to acquire them.
Materials and methods. Methods: bibliosemantic, expert assessments, statistical, structural, and logical analysis. Independent experts: 25 specialists according to the defined profile of providing medical care. Materials: project of special competencies of general practitioners-family doctors in providing medical assistance for diseases of the ear, throat, and nose.
Results and their discussion. In the course of the study, special theoretical and practical competencies were determined for general practitioners-family doctors in providing medical care for diseases of the ENT organs and the optimal ways of acquiring them to provide the population with high-quality primary health care for otolaryngological diseases. Theoretical special competencies provide family doctors with knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the external, middle, and internal ear, throat, and nose; clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the main diseases of the ENT organs and their prevention in the age aspect, as well as the principles of providing emergency care for urgent ENT pathology. The special practical competencies of family doctors in medical care for diseases of the ear, throat, and nose allow doctors to conduct a diagnostic examination and provide emergency medical care and treatment.
Conclusion. Theoretical and practical competencies for general practitioners-family doctors in providing medical assistance for diseases of the ENT organs and the optimal ways of their acquisition have been determined by experts.
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