HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN DENTISTRY

  • Liudmyla F. Horzov Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine
  • Ivan Yu. Нanhur Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine
  • Ihor V. Sorokopud Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine
  • Anzhelika S. Slobodyanyuk Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine
Keywords: cross infection, dentistry, viruses, bacteria, survey

Abstract

Introduction. The oral cavity is an ecological niche that is a constant source of opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms, which in turn pose a risk of cross-contamination and can cause systemic infections. The purpose of the study was to analyze the literature on the occurrence of various infectious diseases associated with the provision of dental care, and to assess the risks of their cross-transmission on the basis of data available in the modern literature.

Materials and methods. Extensive collection and analysis of literature data was conducted. In addition, a survey was conducted involving 14 doctors of University Dental Clinic, LLC on the basis of the dental faculty of Uzhhorod National University, 4 doctors of the Transcarpathian Regional Dental Clinic after signing informed consent for personal data processing using a self-developed questionnaire.

Research results and their discussion. It has been established that dentists, like all healthcare professionals, face an identified risk of occupational exposure to pathogenic microorganisms such as HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), various types of bacteria, so they must ensure proper procedure technique to combat cross-infections. However, despite the high level of awareness, it has been found that practical steps to prevent them are still insufficient.

Conclusions. All viruses and bacteria, including hepatitis B virus that poses the greatest risk of infection, can be transmitted to a patient or dental staff. Dentists must be fully aware of the risk of the spread of infectious agents and ensure effective procedure technique to control cross-infections.

Author Biographies

Liudmyla F. Horzov, Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine

кандидат медичних наук, доцент, завідувач кафедри терапевтичної стоматології, ДВНЗ «УжНУ», e-mail: liudmyla.horzov@uzhnu.edu.ua, телефон: 050-76-26-129

Ivan Yu. Нanhur, Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine

старший викладач, кафедра терапевтичної стоматології ДВНЗ «УжНУ», e‑mail: navjbb@gmail.com, телефон: 099-02-16-165

Ihor V. Sorokopud, Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine

старший викладач, кафедра терапевтичної стоматології ДВНЗ «УжНУ», e-mail: so680ar@gmail.com, телефон: 0662346607

Anzhelika S. Slobodyanyuk, Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, Uzhhorod National University,Uzhhorod, Ukraine

лаборант кафедри терапевтичної стоматології, ДВНЗ «УжНУ», e-mail: slobodyanyk2707@gmail.com, телефон: 0508343763

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Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Liudmyla F. Horzov, Ivan Yu. Нanhur, Ihor V. Sorokopud, & Anzhelika S. Slobodyanyuk. (2021). HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN DENTISTRY. Eastern Ukrainian Medical Journal, 9(3), 202-208. https://doi.org/10.21272/eumj.2021;9(3):202-208