MODERN KHARKIV TEENAGERS’ ATTITUDE TO HEALTH AND HEALTHY LIFESTYLE

  • A. N. Shvets Institute of Child and Adolescent Health of NAMS of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Yu. N. Shvets V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • A. V. Korobkova-Arzhannikova V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Keywords: adolescents, health, healthy lifestyle, risk factors, medical-prophylactic measures

Abstract

The article reveals the problem of that modern youth is characterized by negligence in relation to their health. In many aspects this is determined by the absence for a long period of time of the state's social policy in promoting of healthy lifestyle, sufficient medical care for the population, which leads to the spread of chronic pathology among children and adolescents, a decrease of the birth rate and an increase of mortality among working-age people. The characteristics of adolescents' health and the risk factors of the disorders among adolescents aged 14–18 in 2017 are presented.

The purpose of the study was to identify trends and factors of the state of health of the younger generation aiming to develop scientifically grounded recommendations for early detection and correction of violations in their health state in order to choose the optimal solution for introduction of health saving technologies in life.

Monitoring of detection of health state was performed during a comprehensive survey of adolescents in the process of their education. The study involved 387 Kharkiv pupils aged 14–18 (195 boys and 192 girls).

As a result of the study, 16 % of them have some chronic pathology of varying severity, and 52 % have functional disorders. Among adolescents aged 14–18, prevalence rates increased: diseases of the musculoskeletal system – by 10 times; pathology of the organs of vision – by 2.8 times, and neuropsychic diseases – by 6.3 times.

The study revealed that today the common trends in the health state of the younger generation are increasing chronic pathology, underestimation of own health and growing popularity of bad habits among children and adolescents. The formation of violation of the health of young people is mainly due to: deviant and self-destructive forms of behavior; problems with the socialization of studied contingent; high aggressiveness of the social environment. It is well known that along with factors of heredity, the formation of adolescent health is strongly influenced by factors of the habits and living conditions: anthropogenic, educational, family-household, ideological and cultural. For the development of health and prevention strategies it is important to know what factors play a major role in shaping the health disorders of adolescents and young people at the present stage of development of Ukrainian society.

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Published
2020-10-04
How to Cite
A. N. Shvets, Yu. N. Shvets, & A. V. Korobkova-Arzhannikova. (2020). MODERN KHARKIV TEENAGERS’ ATTITUDE TO HEALTH AND HEALTHY LIFESTYLE. Eastern Ukrainian Medical Journal, 6(4), 409–415. Retrieved from https://eumj.med.sumdu.edu.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/108